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Joseph Theory Addendum Index

Verses quoted are from King James' translation
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The Joseph Theory

The Ark of the Covenant

See the scriptures below for reference.

What we see in this ark... is a golden box... almost like a gift box.

It seems very large to hold only two tablets of stone or clay, unless they were packed with straw to prevent their breaking. It is actually large enough to hold human remains. (When Jacob died he "gathered up his feet into the bed.")

The term "Ark" is used three times in the scriptures.
With Noah... used to save the animals during the big flood.
With Moses... saved by his cradle of straw and bitumen.
And for the safe-keeping of the tablets of God.

We are told that God would be between and above the cherubim on the Ark.

Cherubim were first mentioned in Genesis 3:24

"So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

The Ark looks very similar to the box in this drawing of Egypt's Amon Ra.
Amon or Amen means "the hidden one."
Amon is an Egyptian divinity, whose name occurs as No-amon in the book of Nahum 3:8

"Art thou better than populous No, that was situate among the rivers, that had the waters round about it, whose rampart was the sea, and her wall was from the sea?"

Amon was one of the eight gods of the first order, and chief of the triad of Thebes. He was worshipped at that city as Amen Ra, or "Amen the Sun."

Amon on a covenant box

What is notable about this particular drawing are:
--- bindings at the ankles, arms, and wrists.
--- Amon holds a staff or a sickle, a key or a ring (the ankh), and a whip.
--- a box similar to the dimensions of the Ark of the Covenant
--- what appears to be a hidden compartment... is at the back of the box.
--- in the headdress are two large feathers... each with ten sections...
      with a rope hanging down the back.

This is only the beginning of similarities between Egypt... and the Hebrews.

Exodus 25:10 -- "And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.

And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it. And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.

And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof. And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be. And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.

And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all the things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel."

Ezekiel 1:4 -- "And I looked, and behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.

Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness of four living creatures. And this was their appearance; they had the likeness of a man. And every one had four faces, and every one had four wings. And their feet were straight feet; and the sole of their feet was like the sole of a calf's foot: and they sparkled like the colour of burnished brass.

And they had the hands of a man under their wings on the four sides; and they four had their faces and their wings. Their wings were joined one to another; they turned not when they went; they went every one straight forward.

As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle. Thus were their faces: and their wings were stretched upward; two wings of every one were joined one to another and two covered their bodies.

And they went every one straight forward: whither the spirit was to go, they went; and they turned not when they went.

As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures; and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightening.

And the living creatures ran and returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning."

Ezekiel 10:1 -- "Then I looked, and, behold, in the firmament that was above the head of the cherubims there appeared over them as it were a sapphire stone, as the appearance of the likeness of a throne.

And he spake unto the man clothed with linen, and said, 'Go in between the wheels, even under the cherub, and fill thine hand with coals of fire from between the cherubims, and scatter them over the city. And he went in in my sight.

Now the cherubims stood on the right side of the house, when the man went in; and the cloud filled the inner court. Then the glory of the Lord went up from the cherub, and stood over the threshold of the house; and the house was filled with the cloud, and the court was full of the brightness of the Lord's glory.

And the sound of the cherubims' wings was heard even to the outer court, as the voice of the Almighty God when he speaketh. And it came to pass, that when he had commanded the man clothed with linen, saying, 'Take fire from between the wheels, from between the cherubims; then he went in, and stood beside the wheels.

And one cherub stretched forth his hand from between the cherubims unto the fire that was between the cherubims, and took thereof, and put it into the hands of him that was clothed with linen: who took it, and went out."

Joseph Theory Addendum Index
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