After Jacob had given his blessings to his sons...
"...he charged them, and said unto them, I am to be gathered unto
my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite. In
the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan,
which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a
burying place. There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and
Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah. The purchase of the field and of the cave that is
therein was from the children of Heth."
"And Joseph went up to bury his father: and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh,
the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt. And all the house of Joseph,
and his brethren, and his father's house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their
herds, they left in the land of Goshen. And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen:
and it was a very great company.
And they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they
mourned with a great and very sore lamentation; and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad,
they said, 'This is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians; wherefore the name of it was called
Abel-mizraim, which is beyond Jordan.
And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them; For his sons carried him into
the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought
with the field for a possession of a burying place of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre."
We, too... are being brought to Jacob's burial site... the place that had been chosen to become
the burial ground of Abraham's tribe... the place that can genuinely be called "Abraham's holy mountain."
Just where is it... that this burial ground is... this burial ground of Hebrew kings? Tradition tells us
that it is near Hebron, where Abraham had established his camp. But, we have been
given contradictory descriptions of this burial ground. The threshing floor of Atad, "beyond the
Jordan" would have been east of the Jordan if one were traveling from Egypt... Hebron
was west and south.
This contradiction has been attributed to... where the author of Genesis was, (Moses), when
he was writing this story. Another source has said that this threshing floor was located between
the Jordan and Jericho... west of the Jordan. Still another source, naming the threshing floor of
Atad "the threshing floor of the buckthorn"... states that this place cannot be identified with
The official site of Abraham's tomb is north of Hebron, shown below.
This is described at Wikipedia.org as
"Cave of the Patriarchs."
And so, if Jacob was buried with his fathers... he, too, would be buried here.
There is no question that Joseph followed his
father's command... to be buried with Abraham and Isaac. The burial sites are all one and the
same... making it indeed the site of a tribal burial ground... making the site one of the most
important and holy sites in Israel.
But... it isn't likely that the real site is at Hebron.
We seem to be drawn towards Jerusalem... Mount Moriah... and the Temple.
So... let's look at Jerusalem.
"Jerusalem" means... "the habitation of peace." The Tel-el-Armana clay tablets... letters sent
between Egypt and Jerusalem around 1500 B.C.... show that even at that time the city was called
"Jerusalem," although sometimes this was shortened to "Salem."
The earliest reference to Salem
in the scriptures is at Genesis 14:18 when Melchizedek, the king of Salem, honored
Abraham's successful rescue of the inhabitants of the local cities. Those cities included Sodom and
Gomorrah... which included Lot's family. We can know from this... that these cities were all sister
cities of Jerusalem. Abraham's only interest was in rescuing Lot's family.
Abraham lived elsewhere.
King David conquered the Jebusites to win Jerusalem. At Joshua 18:28, Judges 1:21,
and Judges 19:10, Jerusalem was called "Jebusi," and was part of the land given to the tribe
of Benjamin. Judah and Simeon conquered Jerusalem, but the tribe of Benjamin did not drive out
the Jebusites, Judges 1:21 but dwelt with them "to this day." In Joshua 10:5,
the inhabitants of Jerusalem are called Amorites.
Jerusalem is located 40 miles east of the Mediterranean Sea and 20 miles west of the Salt Sea
and the Jordan River. It sits on a dry limestone plateau which is the most broad ridge in the range
that extends through the whole of the country. The hills of Jerusalem form a rough triangle. This
plateau is cut off from the surrounding countryside by deep ravines on the west, south, and east...
which provided an impregnable protection against siege.
Another virtue that has made Jerusalem so defendable is the ability to retain water through its
springs and reservoirs, while the country surrounding it is devoid of water... causing difficulty for
any encampments by invading armies. Jerusalem also sat outside of the great thoroughfares of
Palestine, over which the caravans and armies came and went between Assyria and Egypt.
It was... simply... a safe haven with ample fresh water.
Maps of Canaan.
Abraham never lived in Jerusalem.
Isaac never lived in Jerusalem.
Jacob never lived in Jerusalem.
Moses never lived in Jerusalem.
"Mount Moriah", however, somehow became associated with Jerusalem.
It was King David who set his sights on Jerusalem.
And, so... this assumed location of Mount Moriah was declared a holy site, and Solomon built his
temple on it.
Jerusalem had been of no importance whatsoever, until the time of David.
And then... Jerusalem... and the temple with it... became the major cause of the division
of the tribes of Israel. David and Solomon were of the tribe of Juda... taking hold in the
territory of Benjamin... using the other tribes in forced labor... to build a grand temple...
which Solomon defiled. The claim of David... to hold the throne in perpetuity... became
a contentious thing among the tribes. They divided and became two nations.
It is this division of Israel that made it vulnerable to seige.
Jerusalem destroyed the nation of Israel.
Returning to the subject of Abraham's tribal burial site in Canaan...
Abraham paid a king's ransom...
for a field and the mount at the end of the field.
"And Sarah died in Kirjatharba; the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan: and Abraham
came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her. And Abraham stood up from before his dead, and
spake unto the sons of Heth, saying, I am a stranger and a sojourner with you: give me a
possession of a burying place with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.
And the children of Heth answered Abraham, saying unto him, Hear us, my lord: thou art a
mighty prince among us: in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead; none of us shall withhold
from thee his sepulchre, but that thou mayest bury thy dead.
And Abraham stood up, and bowed himself to the people of the land, even to the children of
Heth. And he communed with them, saying, If it be your mind that I should bury my dead out
of my sight; hear me, and intreat for me to Ephron the son of Zohar, that he may give me the
cave of Machpelah, which he hath, which is in the end of his field; for as much money as it is
worth he shall give it to me for a possession of a buryingplace amongst you.
And Ephron dwelt among the children of Heth: and Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in
the audience of the children of Heth, even of all that went in at the gate of his city, saying,
Nay, my lord, hear me: the field give I thee, and the cave that is therein, I give it to thee; in
the presence of the sons of my people give I it thee: bury thy dead.
And Abraham bowed down himself before the people of the land. And he spake unto Ephron
in the audience of the people of the land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I pray thee, hear me:
I will give thee money for the field; take it of me, and I will bury my dead there. And Ephron
answered Abraham, saying unto him, My lord, hearken unto me: the land is worth four
hundred shekels of silver; what is that betwixt me and thee? bury therefore thy dead.
And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he
had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current money
with the merchant. And the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre,
the field and the cave which was therein, and all the trees that were in the field, that were in
all the borders round about, were made sure unto Abraham for a possession in the presence
of the children of Heth..."
This must have been a very special field, indeed.
So... where was this very valuable piece of property?
We must reflect on the events as they happened
in the sojourn of Abraham in Canaan... when he first arrived...
"And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the
plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land. And the Lord appeared unto Abram,
and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded an altar unto the Lord, who appeared
And so... we see that it was at the hill of Moreh... and near the plain of Moreh... that God first
spoke to Abraham... and declared that the land before him would be his. The plain of Moreh is
a large and beautiful plain. One can stand on the Hill of Moreh and see far into the distance.
Mt. Tabor sits across the plain which is an arm of the Valley of Jezreel... the bread basket of Israel.
Today, the Hill of Moreh is the site of many tombs. See the
maps of Canaan where Moreh is said to be located.
It is associated with the name Nebi Dahi.
See Moreh online:
also from: biblelandpictures.com
Lot described this area as similar to the land of Egypt... a garden of beauty.
"And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was
well-watered every where, before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden
of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar."... "And Lot journeyed east."
Abraham went the opposite way... south... as he had agreed to do.
"And the Lord said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou
lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of
the mountains which I will tell thee of. And Abraham rose up early in the morning,
and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the
wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told
It very much appears as though we are again reading about the Hill of Moreh... the site of Abram's
first altar to God. We must remember that the Old Hebrew did not contain vowels. Vowels were not
inserted into the texts until the sixth century A.D. Moreh and Moriah are much
too similar to be well-distinguished from each other.
The translation of this section of text at first says "which I will tell you of" and even though
nothing is revealed between this quote and the next... the text says "the place of which God had told
him." Is it too much of a strain... to think that this meant "the place where God talked
There is a real connection with Abraham and the plain of Moreh... when there is no connection
whatsoever to Jerusalem and a "hill of Moriah" in that Jebusite stronghold. In fact, there is a very
strong connection to Moreh. Moreh is the site where God gave Abram the land of Canaan. Moreh
was most beautiful and desirable. But... Abram did not stay... because "the Canaanite was there."
He could not take it without force. He could have taken it... but he did not.
It is not a stretch to deduce that... it is Moreh that is the desire of Abram's heart... and not the
plain to the south near Hebron... where he settled. Abram... always lived in a tent, and moved
from Hebron to Beersheba. It is never mentioned that he built a permanent house there. Even
Jacob "lived among the tents." The tribe did not establish themselves in a large way... nor name
a town after themselves... or any of the signs that verify that a claim had been made on territory.
When Abram awoke on the morning of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah... "he looked toward
Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the
country went up as the smoke of a furnace." Sodom and Gomorrah was one of the cities of the
When Sarah died... Abraham made his move to take his holy place... the beautiful plain of Moreh
and the hill beyond it... the place God promised to him... to give to him and his descendents. He
went to buy it. He paid a king's ransom for it, when it had been offered to him for free. He didn't want
just a cave for Sarah... he wanted a place to claim for his own burial and for the burial place of his
descendents. This would permanently establish him in Canaan. He would own the field and the hill,
but he would not make the move to live there.
When he made his request, he spoke to the entire community. This was not a small business
arrangement... this was a major land purchase. When he had rescued the inhabitants of the cities
with Lot... he had earned unfailing respect of these people... and had asked for nothing in return.
When he made his plea "to bury my dead away from me" this could not have been his home
ground near Hebron. He had been in Hebron long enough to seek out a suitable tomb to bury
himself and Sarah without a major arrangement. Only Moreh makes sense in the light of all of
One must also consider the fact that Abraham had most surely had to bury some of those who
served him and were part of his tribe. There surely must have been a place where he buried them...
buried them in tombs. He could have buried Sarah in any available tomb without so much as a
whisper to the local people. But... Abraham was buying his special place. He was buying Moreh.
Machpelah means "double."
In the design of the Tabernacle of God... the instructions of which were given to Moses in those
"commandments" on the mountain... are many "doubles." The dimensions of the tent... the tent door...
the priest's breastpiece... all contain a "doubling" aspect.
Many of the tombs in Egypt were tombs set behind other rooms... hidden deeply in the mountain.
When a king was buried, it was important to protect the tomb from thieves looking for treasures,
and thus the need to camoflauge or hide the actual tomb. It is also possible that another person
who had died would be buried in order to distract the presence of another tomb nearby.
When Jacob was buried, the mourning went on for many days. One can imagine that this made
noise, along with all the activity of the many people who had come. This activity would have
enabled a secret burial of this very important person who was being buried...so that the
Canaanites would not know for sure where the tomb was. If the plain of Moreh was near to the
great highway to Egypt... the actual burial might have taken place before the group's
arrival at the threshing floor of Atad... near the Jordan... near a plain where grain was grown.
Ezekiel's vision of the cherubim says this:
"As for the likeness of the living creatures, their appearance was like burning
coals of fire, and like the appearance of lamps: it went up and down among the living creatures;
and the fire was bright, and out of the fire went forth lightning. And the living creatures ran and
returned as the appearance of a flash of lightning."
This could well describe what a laser is... and what it does.
Cherubim were a part of the Ark of the Covenant. They lifted up the throne that was a cover to the
base... the box that held the tablets of Moses. Cherubim are mentioned in three instances in the
The first... they guard the way to the Garden of Eden.
Second... they support the throne on the ark.
Third... they appear in the dream of Ezekiel.
Thus... they guard the way to the tree of life... and they lift up the throne. Ezekiel was only
describing what those cherubim actually are.
To theorize wildly... the
ark of the covenant ...
similar to a box that might have carried Jacob's
body back to Canaan... a gold-covered object buried in the hill of Moreh... could guide the way
to the true burial grounds of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It could mark the place where the
tablets of the history of the tribe of Adam is buried... like a book of life. It is gold...
bound in pitch... and buried with them. And it can be found with the power of a laser.
Ezekiel's dream clarifies several things having to do with the dimensions of the ark and other
details of the instructions to Moses. One can wildly deduce... that it is the Tent of God that
is to be rebuilt... not the lavish temple that was built by Solomon with the enslavement of his
The instructions given to Moses... to build these things... were serious enough
for them to be called commandments. These are manifestations of truths... they depict truth... and
they would need to be seen. But... a temple? God had commanded that his altar
was not to be touched by swords or violence.
The Tabernacle of God was a tent... for a Living God... not a tomb.
The Passover Lamb was a lesson in respect for the animals killed for human sustenance.
Nothing was to be left uneaten, wasted, or thrown away.
The God of Abraham was the God of Noah...
who was given a clear directive against violence.
Abraham had the means and the ability to take Canaan by force... but did not.
He bought it.
The name "Israel" means... "he strives with God and prevails."
"Israel" was Jacob's name during his enslavement.
This is the name he gave to the nation of his errant sons.
It was Jacob... who gave them laws to live by...
To teach them... honor...
Who planned their return to Canaan from Egypt.
They would serve him in a way they did not know...
They would carry the great and noble legacy of Abraham...
The legacy of peace... dignity... love... honor...
Until the day that the truth would be seen...
And they would repent... on behalf of their violent forefathers...
Who had betrayed that noble legacy of Abraham...
Betrayed Jacob, their father...
And in the pursuit of power and treasure
Destroyed the true legacy of this princely tribe...
Who had all been disowned by Jacob... the king of their tribe...
Who inherited NOTHING from him but his remorse...
And choose... non-violence... and peace...
And know the truth...
And become true sons... of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob...
Inheritors of a noble legacy... of true kings of the earth...
A legacy that is a great gift to all mankind.